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Algorithms - Network
Written by Jan Schulz   
Wednesday, 10 October 2007 05:57

Get information about the installed network adapters

This Delphi unit returns a list of all network interfaces installed. The retrieved information refer to the IPv4 protocol.

Every item in the returned list contains the full information on each network interface. This includes the IP address, subnet mask, network address, limited and directed broadcast address and boolean information whether the interface is up, supports broadcasts and might be a loopback adapter.

 

Unit:

Unit USock;

Interface

Uses Windows, Winsock;

{ Unit to identify the network interfaces
This code requires at least Win98/ME/2K, 95 OSR 2 or NT service pack #3
as WinSock 2 is used (WS2_32.DLL) }


// Constants found in manual on non-officially documented M$ Winsock functions
Const SIO_GET_INTERFACE_LIST = $4004747F;
IFF_UP = $00000001;
IFF_BROADCAST = $00000002;
IFF_LOOPBACK = $00000004;
IFF_POINTTOPOINT = $00000008;
IFF_MULTICAST = $00000010;


Type SockAddr_Gen = Packed Record
AddressIn : SockAddr_In;
Padding : Packed Array [0..7] of Char;
end;

Interface_Info = Record
iiFlags : u_Long;
iiAddress : SockAddr_Gen;
iiBroadcastAddress : SockAddr_Gen;
iiNetmask : SockAddr_Gen;
end;

tNetworkInterface = Record
ComputerName : String;
AddrIP : String;
SubnetMask : String;
AddrNet : String;
AddrLimitedBroadcast : String;
AddrDirectedBroadcast : String;
IsInterfaceUp : Boolean;
BroadcastSupport : Boolean;
IsLoopback : Boolean;
end;

tNetworkInterfaceList = Array of tNetworkInterface;


Function WSAIoctl (aSocket : TSocket;
aCommand : DWord;
lpInBuffer : PChar;
dwInBufferLen : DWord;
lpOutBuffer : PChar;
dwOutBufferLen : DWord;
lpdwOutBytesReturned : LPDWord;
lpOverLapped : Pointer;
lpOverLappedRoutine : Pointer) : Integer; stdcall; external 'WS2_32.DLL';

Function GetNetworkInterfaces (Var aNetworkInterfaceList : tNetworkInterfaceList): Boolean;



Implementation

Function GetNetworkInterfaces (Var aNetworkInterfaceList : tNetworkInterfaceList): Boolean;
// Returns a complete list the of available network interfaces on a system (IPv4)
// Copyright by Dr. Jan Schulz, 23-26th March 2007
// This version can be used for free and non-profit projects. In any other case get in contact
// Written with information retrieved from MSDN
// www.code10.net
Var aSocket : TSocket;
aWSADataRecord : WSAData;
NoOfInterfaces : Integer;
NoOfBytesReturned : u_Long;
InterfaceFlags : u_Long;
NameLength : DWord;
pAddrIP : SockAddr_In;
pAddrSubnetMask : SockAddr_In;
pAddrBroadcast : Sockaddr_In;
pIPString : PChar;
pSubnetMaskString : PChar;
pLimBroadcastString : PChar;
pNetAddrString : PChar;
pDirBroadcastString : PChar;
DirBroadcastDummy : In_Addr;
NetAddrDummy : In_Addr;
Buffer : Array [0..30] of Interface_Info;
i : Integer;
Begin
Result := False;
SetLength (aNetworkInterfaceList, 0);

// Startup of old the WinSock
// WSAStartup ($0101, aWSADataRecord);

// Startup of WinSock2
WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2, 0), aWSADataRecord);

// Open a socket
aSocket := Socket (AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);

// If impossible to open a socket, not worthy to go any further
If (aSocket = INVALID_SOCKET) THen Exit;

Try
If WSAIoCtl (aSocket, SIO_GET_INTERFACE_LIST, NIL, 0,
@Buffer, 1024, @NoOfBytesReturned, NIL, NIL) <> SOCKET_ERROR THen
Begin
NoOfInterfaces := NoOfBytesReturned Div SizeOf (Interface_Info);
SetLength (aNetworkInterfaceList, NoOfInterfaces);

// For each of the identified interfaces get:
For i := 0 to NoOfInterfaces - 1 do
Begin

With aNetworkInterfaceList[i] do
Begin

// Get the name of the machine
NameLength := MAX_COMPUTERNAME_LENGTH + 1;
SetLength (ComputerName, NameLength) ;
If Not Windows.GetComputerName (PChar (Computername), NameLength) THen ComputerName := '';

// Get the IP address
pAddrIP := Buffer[i].iiAddress.AddressIn;
pIPString := inet_ntoa (pAddrIP.Sin_Addr);
AddrIP := pIPString;

// Get the subnet mask
pAddrSubnetMask := Buffer[i].iiNetMask.AddressIn;
pSubnetMaskString := inet_ntoa (pAddrSubnetMask.Sin_Addr);
SubnetMask := pSubnetMaskString;

// Get the limited broadcast address
pAddrBroadcast := Buffer[i].iiBroadCastAddress.AddressIn;
pLimBroadcastString := inet_ntoa (pAddrBroadcast.Sin_Addr);
AddrLimitedBroadcast := pLimBroadcastString;

// Calculate the net and the directed broadcast address
NetAddrDummy.S_addr := Buffer[i].iiAddress.AddressIn.Sin_Addr.S_Addr;
NetAddrDummy.S_addr := NetAddrDummy.S_addr And Buffer[i].iiNetMask.AddressIn.Sin_Addr.S_Addr;
DirBroadcastDummy.S_addr := NetAddrDummy.S_addr Or Not Buffer[i].iiNetMask.AddressIn.Sin_Addr.S_Addr;

pNetAddrString := inet_ntoa ((NetAddrDummy));
AddrNet := pNetAddrString;

pDirBroadcastString := inet_ntoa ((DirBroadcastDummy));
AddrDirectedBroadcast := pDirBroadcastString;

// From the evaluation of the Flags we receive more information
InterfaceFlags := Buffer[i].iiFlags;

// Is the network interface up or down ?
If (InterfaceFlags And IFF_UP) = IFF_UP THen IsInterfaceUp := True
Else IsInterfaceUp := False;

// Does the network interface support limited broadcasts ?
If (InterfaceFlags And IFF_BROADCAST) = IFF_BROADCAST THen BroadcastSupport := True
Else BroadcastSupport := False;

// Is the network interface a loopback interface ?
If (InterfaceFlags And IFF_LOOPBACK) = IFF_LOOPBACK THen IsLoopback := True
Else IsLoopback := False;
end;
end;
end;
Except
Result := False;
end;

// Cleanup the mess
CloseSocket (aSocket);
WSACleanUp;
Result := True;
end;

end.

Example call:

uses USock; 
Procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
Var i : Integer;
aNetInterfaceList : tNetworkInterfaceList;
Begin
If (GetNetworkInterfaces (aNetInterfaceList)) THen
Begin
Memo1.Clear;
Memo1.Lines.Add (DateTimeToStr (Now)+ ' : ');

For i := 0 to High (aNetInterfaceList) do
Begin
Memo1.Lines.Add ('');
Memo1.Lines.Add ('# : ' + IntToStr(i));
Memo1.Lines.Add ('Name : ' + aNetInterfaceList[i].ComputerName);
Memo1.Lines.Add ('IP-Address : ' + aNetInterfaceList[i].AddrIP);
Memo1.Lines.Add ('Subnet mask : ' + aNetInterfaceList[i].SubnetMask);
Memo1.Lines.Add ('Net address : ' + aNetInterfaceList[i].AddrNet);
Memo1.Lines.Add ('Limited broadcast address : ' + aNetInterfaceList[i].AddrLimitedBroadcast);
Memo1.Lines.Add ('Directed Broadcast address : ' + aNetInterfaceList[i].AddrDirectedBroadcast);
Memo1.Lines.Add ('Interface up : ' + BoolToStr (aNetInterfaceList[i].IsInterfaceUp, True));
Memo1.Lines.Add ('Broadcast supported : ' + BoolToStr (aNetInterfaceList[i].BroadcastSupport, True));
Memo1.Lines.Add ('Loopback interface : ' + BoolToStr (aNetInterfaceList[i].IsLoopback, True));
Memo1.Lines.Add ('');
end;
end;
end;

 
 
Last Updated on Friday, 18 March 2011 18:08
 
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